Bamboo consists of many different species and each of those bamboo species have different mechanical properties. Below you can find detailed data per species.

Compressive Strength

Compressive Strength of Various Bamboo Species
Species σ (N/mm2) E (N/mm2) ρ (kg/m3) M.C. (%) Source
Bambusa balcooa 39.4 - 50.6 - - green Kabir et al
51 - 57.3 - - air dry
69 - 820 8.5 Naik
Bambusa bambos 61 - 710 9.5
39.1 - 47 - - - Gnanaharan
Bambusa nutans 75 - 890 8 Naik
46 - - 87 Sekhar
85 - - 12
44.7 - - 88.3 Inbar
47.9 - - 14
Bambusa pervariabilis 45.8 15200 - - Yuen
79 10300 - < 5 Yu & Chung
35 6800 - > 20
Bambusa polymorpha 32.1 - - 95.1 Inbar
Bambusa spinosa 57 - - - Espinosa
Bambusa tulda 40.7 - - 73.6 Inbar
68 - - 11.9
79 - 910 8.6 Naik
Dendrocalamus giganteus 70 - 740 8
Dendrocalamus hamiltonii 70 - 590 8.5
Dendrocalamus membranaceus 40.5 - - 102 Inbar
Gigantochloa apus 21.7 - 26.5 - - 54.3
27.3 - 48.6 - - 15.1
Gigantochloa atroviolacea 23.8 - - 54
35.7 - - 15
Gigantochloa atter 24.8 - 28 - - 72.3 Prawirohatmodjo
31 - 32.9 - - 14.4
Gigantochloa macrostachya 71 - 960 8 Naik
Guadua angustifolia 42 27000 - - Sotela
63.6 - - - Rwth Aachen
86.3 - - -
62 - 93 - - - DB Magazine
56 18400 - 15 Eicher
63.3 15190 - - Laroque
28 15000 - - Trujillo
56.2 17860 - - Caori
38 14500 - - Uribe
Melocanna baccifera 69.9 - - 12.8 Inbar
Phyllostachys bambusoides 51 - - - Glenn
63 - 730 8 Naik
44 - - 64 Limaye
40 - - 61
71 - - 9
74 - - 9
54 - - 12 Sekhar
Phyllostachys edulis 44.6 11300 - - Yen
67 - - 50 - 99 Ota
71 - - 14 - 17
108 - - 5 - 7
147 - - 0.1 - 0.3
117 9400 - < 5 Yu & Chung
44 6400 - > 30
60.3 - 603 12.5 KaHo
Phyllostachys praecox 79.3 - 827 28.5
Thyrsostachys oliveri 46.9 - - 53 Inbar
58 - - 7.8 

 

Tensile Strength

Tensile Strength of Various Bamboo Species
Species σ (N/mm2) E (N/mm2) ρ (kg/m3) M.C. (%) Source
Bambusa balcooa 164 - 820 8.5 Naik
Bambusa bambos 121 - 710 9.5
Bambusa nutans 208 - 890 8
Bambusa tulda 207 - 910 8.6
Dendrocalamus giganteus 177 - 740 8
Dendrocalamus hamiltonii 177 - 590 8.5
Dendrocalamus strictus 160 17500 - 11.4 Janssen
Gigantochloa apus 294.1 - - 54.3 Prawirohatmodjo
298.9 - - 15.1
Gigantochloa atroviolacea 237.4 - - 54
237.4 - - 15
Gigantochloa atter 273 - 299.8 - - 72.3
247 - 332 - - 14.4
Gigantochloa macrostachya 168 - 960 8 Naik
Gigantochloa pseudoarundinacea 177.9 27631 690 - Arce-Villalobos
149.4 19643 629 -
Guadua angustifolia 148 - 384 - - - DB Magazine
191.9 - - - Lopez
90 - - - Trujillo
162.7 17900 - 24100 - - Laroque
Phyllostachys bambusoides 140 - 730 8 Naik
120 - - 12 Janssen
Phyllostachys edulis 115 - 309 8987 - 27397 553 - 1006 4.9 - 7.8 Yu

  

Shear Strength

Shear Strength of Various Bamboo Species
Species τ (N/mm2) ρ (kg/m3) M.C. (%) Source
Bambusa balcooa 11.9 820 8.5 Naik
Bambusa bambos 9.9 710 9.5
Bambusa nutans 10.5 890 8
6.7 - - Sekhar
7.7 - -
7.9 - -
9.8 - -
7.9 - -
Bambusa pervariabilis 10.3 - 12 Janssen
8.7 - 12
Bambusa tulda 9.9 910 8.6 Naik
Dendrocalamus giganteus 10.6 740 8
Dendrocalamus hamiltonii 6.7 590 8.5
Gigantochloa apus 6 - 7.7   54.3 Prawirohatmodjo
7.5 - 7.7   15.1
Gigantochloa atroviolacea 6.4 - 11.3   54
7.9 - 9.5   15
Gigantochloa atter 5.8 - 10.8   72.3
9.5 - 10.8   14.4
Gigantochloa macrostachya 9.6 960 8.1 Naik
Guadua angustifolia 4 - 5 - - Trujillo
16.7 - - Rwth Aachen
Phyllostachys bambusoides 8.7 730 8 Naik
Phyllostachys edulis 8.9 - 12.5 - 12.5 Ota
8.9 - green Dickerson


Bending Strength

Bending Strength of Various Bamboo Species
Species MOR (N/mm2) MOE (N/mm2) ρ (kg/m3) M.C. (%) Source
Bambusa balcooa 62.4 - 85 7200 - 10300 - green Kabir et al
69.6 - 92.6 9300 - 12700 - air dry
151 13603 820 8.5 Naik
Bambusa bambos 143 14116 710 9.5
35 - 39.3 1500 - 4400 - - Gnanaharan
Bambusa nutans 52.9 6700 - 88.3 Inbar
52.4 10700 - 14
56 - 79 8800 - 10000 - green Sekhar
76 - 100 9300 - 16000 - air dry
216 20890 890 8 Naik
Bambusa pervariabilis 37 16400 - > 20 Yu & Chung
80 22000 - < 5
Bambusa polymorpha 28.3 3100 - 95.1 Inbar
35.5 4100 - 13.9
Bambusa spinosa 55.4 - - air dry Espinosa
44.9 - - air dry
55 10300 - air dry Teodoro
Bambusa tulda 51.1 800 - 73.6 Inbar
66.7 1000 - 11.9
194 18611 910 8.6 Naik
Dendrocalamus giganteus 193 16373 740 8
Dendrocalamus hamiltonii 89 9629 590 8.5
Dendrocalamus membranaceus 26.3 2400 - 102 Inbar
37.8 3700 - 7
Dendrocalamus strictus 68 12000 - green Limaye
107 15600 - air dry
92 - 97 13700 - 16000 - 12
105 13200 - 61
98.5 13600 - 55
Gigantochloa apus 102 - - 54.3 Prawirohatmodjo
87.5 - - 15.1
Gigantochloa atroviolacea 92.3 - - 54
94.1 - - 15
Gigantochloa atter 87.9 - 108.1 - - 72.3
117.7 - 127.7 - - 14.4
Gigantochloa macrostachya 154 14226 960 8 Naik
Guadua angustifolia 53.5 7400 - - Gnanaharan
144.8 17600 - - Janssen
74 - 100 17900 - 15 Eicher
46 11800 - - Trujillo
82 12500 600 12.6 De Vos
72.6 17608 640 11.4 Inbar
Melocanna baccifera 57.6 12900 - 12.8
Phyllostachys edulis 55 9600 - > 30 Yu & Chung
51 13200 - < 5
83 8400 530 10.3 De Vos
Thyrsostachys oliveri 61.9 9700 - 53 Inbar
90 12200 - 7.8

Read the original article here: Mechanical Properties of Bamboo